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13) Sabbath as a Test
     When Elijah called Ahab and the people to Mt. Carmel, he posed a test that would lead to a decision.  The test was all about worship centered in the sacrifice on the altar.  After Elijah prayed, fire came down to demonstrate that it was acceptable to God.  The message of the First Angel says, "worship Him."  It borrows the language of Exodus 20:11.  This call to worship in Revelation 14:7 is like that of Elijah, it creates a test of faith and dependence in worshiping God.

I.   A test came to Israel in the giving of manna - Exodus 16:27-30
     A) A double portion collection on the 6th day, the 7th there would be none.
     B) This occurs before the giving of the law at Sinai.

II. The Sabbath tests our willingness to do what God says.  Matthew 4:4
     A) Nothing special about the 7th day.  Weather can be bad and not all events are pleasant on Sabbath.  If only good things occur on Sabbath, then people would flock to it.  A form of bribery leading to allegiance.
     B) The Sabbath is significant only because of what God has said about it.  Not just any day will do.  The 7th Day Ox - Nicholai Panchuk

III. Israel failed to enter rest because of unbelief.  Hebrews 3:16-19
      A) At Kadesh Barnea - Numbers 13,14
      B) Christ offers 3 rests.
           1) A weekly rest - Exodus 20:8-11; Deuteronomy 5:12-15
           2) A spiritual rest - Matthew 11:28-30
           3) A celestial and eternal rest when Jesus comes again.
      C) Sabbath observance illustrates all 3 rests.  Hebrews 4:1-10

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