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18 - Seventy Weeks of Probation
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SEVENTY WEEKS OF PROBATION - DANIEL 9:24-27   
 
     At the end of chapter 8, Daniel is "appalled by the vision" (mar'eh).  He prays a prayer of confession for his people and the holy city, Jerusalem.  The angel Gabriel is sent to give understanding of the vision (mar'eh).

I.   The implications.
     A.  The explanation of Gabriel is linked to Daniel 8:14, Daniel 8:16, 26, 27 = Daniel 9:23
     B.  
70 weeks is connected to the 2300 days
     C.  Daniel 9:24 has six verbal links to Leviticus 16 and the day of Atonement and these same verbal links connect to Calvary.  1) finish transgression; 2) put an end to sin; 3) atone for wickedness; 4) bring in everlasting righteousness; 5) seal up the vision; 6) anoint the most holy - A time of probation
     D.  Christ accomplished legally at Calvary what was needed, He will accomplish in reality in the "time of the end."

II.  The starting point of the 70 weeks/2300 days. 
     A.  Daniel 9:25 - "from the going forth of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem."
     B.  During the reign of Medo-Persian empire
     C.  The decree of Artaxerxes - 457 B.C.  Ezra 7:25, 26 - the word "restore" specifically refers to the restoration of civil self-governance.
     D.  It went into effect in early fall of 457 B.C.
     E.  69 weeks or 483 years leads to the "Anointed One," the Messiah.  Luke 3:1 - 15th year of Tiberius (27 A.D.)
     F.  In the middle of the 70th week, the Messiah will "put an end to sacrifice and offering."  Daniel 9:27

III. The end of the 70 weeks.
     A.  Probation ends for Israel as a nation, but not as individuals - Acts 6:7; Romans 11.  Nations probation - Anteduluvians and Amorites - Genesis 15:16
     B.
There is a lapse of time between the end of probation and judgment on sin
          1)  The flood came seven days after Noah entered and the door was shut
          2)  Jerusalem was destroyed 36 years after the death of Stephen
          3)  Probation will end for humanity and we will know it not.  Plagues will fall - 1 Thess. 5:2


 


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